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Advanced Biology

Semester Examination Review

Fall Semester





Below is a listing of the types of questions to be expected on the fall semester examination. Also listed is the value given to each question.



100 multiple choice 1/2 point each

5 essay questions / problems 10 points each





1.           Exam content shall include a comprehensive evaluation of the student.

2.           The exam shall take the full 1 hour and 10 minutes.

3.           Students will not be allowed to bring into the exam any study material for any exam, other than the exam they are currently taking. This means there will be no backpacks allowed in the classroom.

4.           The student will need a pencil, eraser, and calculator to complete the exam. No other materials are necessary, nor allowed.

5.           Any student completing the exam before the end of the exam period shall review their exam answers for correctness and accuracy. No exam may be turned in before the end of the exam period.






1.          In what respect is the cell the basic unit of life?

2.          Account for the fact that water is both a requirement and a product in photosynthesis.

3.          Why is an energy transport system vital to a cell?

4.          Compare and contrast, in at least ten (10) ways, mitosis and meiosis.

5.          It is said that, "Science done in secret is not science at all. Why is it so important that scientific results and conclusions be published, or at least somehow communicated to others; so important that, if it is not done, it is simply NOT science?

6.          One night a meteor shower is seen in your area. Upon investigation, you find a meteorite; which you take home. After several days this object is still warm so you break it open and inside is found an "amorphous mass" that is warm to the touch and glows. Tell me what procedures and criteria you would use to determine if this mass is alive or not by biological standards.

7.        Explain the relationship between the form and function of body parts.

8.        Why does a person feel faint if he rises too quickly from a supine position on a hot day?

9.        Which appear first, the blood vessels within an osteon, or the lamellae of bone matrix around the central canal?

10.     The bony thorax doesnt provide nearly as much protection for the heart as the cranium does for the brain. However, its more open structure is advantageous. How so?

11.     Summarize photosynthesis. (You may use a diagram.)

12.     Why are the light-dependent reactions important to the Calvin cycle?

13.     Summarize glycolysis and cellular respiration. (You may use a diagram.)

14.     How are lactic acid fermentation and alcoholic fermentation similar? How are they different?

15.     Compare the energy flow in photosynthesis to the energy flow in cellular respiration.

16.     List the functions of the following types of tissues: (A) epithelial, (B) connective, (C) muscle, and (D) nervous.

17.     Distinguish between isomers and isotopes.

18.     Distinguish between the primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure of a protein.

19.     Movements through cell membranes: (A) In what direction do the molecules of solute move in diffusion? (B) When does diffusion stop? (C) Describe facilitated diffusion. (D) How does osmosis differ from diffusion?

20.     Explain the relationship between monomers and polymers, using polysaccharides as an example.